The prime minister has carried out a new year cabinet reshuffle. Here is a guide to Theresa May’s new top team – and how they line-up for gender balance, age and other factors.
First, some vital statistics
Chancellor – Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond remained chancellor of the exchequer after last June’s general election, despite speculation that he would be sacked.
He was foreign secretary under David Cameron from 2014 to 2016, having previously served as defence secretary and transport secretary.
Mr Hammond was a Remain supporter in the EU referendum and is seen as one of the leading cabinet voices for a softer version of Brexit than that advocated by Leave supporting colleagues.
Sometimes mocked as “box office Phil” for what some see as his dull delivery.
Home Secretary – Amber Rudd
Theresa May handed Amber Rudd the role she had made her own during the Cameron government, when she became prime minister in July 2016.
Ms Rudd was a leading voice in the Remain campaign, when she grabbed headlines with a swipe at Boris Johnson during a TV debate.
She narrowly held on to her seat as MP for Hastings and Rye in the 2017 general election and has made cracking down on internet “extremism” her main focus as home secretary.
Ms Rudd was previously energy and climate change secretary, a position she held for just a year. The former investment banker, venture capitalist and financial journalist, decided to enter politics in her 40s in order to get “a grip on her life”.
Foreign Secretary – Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson was unexpectedly drafted into one of the top jobs in government by Theresa May after his own bid to be Conservative leader was torpedoed by colleague Michael Gove.
The face of the Leave campaign during the EU referendum campaign, Mr Johnson is one of the most pro-Brexit voices in the cabinet. He has faced accusations – always denied – of being a “back seat driver” to Mrs May over Brexit and of harbouring ambitions of replacing her.
A journalist by trade, his colourful personality and well-documented gaffes have made him one of the most recognisable faces in British politics.
He was twice elected mayor of London before entering government.
Brexit Secretary – David Davis
The UK’s chief Brexit negotiator kept his job in Theresa May’s January 2018 cabinet reshuffle. He was unexpectedly handed the role when Mrs May became prime minister, having spent years on the back benches as a civil liberties campaigner and frequent critic of her policies at the Home Office.
A veteran Eurosceptic, he had previously held the positions of Conservative Party chairman and shadow deputy prime minister. Between 2003 and 2008, he was the shadow home secretary under both Michael Howard and David Cameron.
He had been favourite to win the 2005 Tory leadership contest but lost out to Mr Cameron.
Defence Secretary – Gavin Williamson
A close ally of Theresa May, the former chief whip ruffled a few Tory feathers when he was handed the role of defence secretary in November 2017, with some claiming he lacked the experience for such a vital role.
He replaced Sir Michael Fallon, who resigned amid allegations over his past conduct.
The appointment was Mr Williamson’s first cabinet post. The MP for South Staffordshire was elected to parliament in 2010, and was previously an aide to David Cameron.
Transport Secretary – Chris Grayling
One of the government’s great survivors, Chris Grayling has been in the cabinet since 2012, when he was made Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice, before going on to serve as Commons leader.
A leading voice in the Leave campaign, he was made transport secretary by Theresa May in July 2016.
He defied predictions he would be sacked or moved in Mrs May’s January 2018 reshuffle, after attracting criticism over rising rail fares, Southern Rail’s disrupted services and rail franchising difficulties.
The former BBC and Channel 4 TV producer has been MP for Epsom and Ewell, in Surrey, since 2001.
International Trade Secretary – Liam Fox
A veteran right winger and ardent Brexiteer, Liam Fox was put in charge of the newly-created department for international trade by Theresa May after she became PM, with the job of forging post-Brexit trade deals with other nations.
He was David Cameron’s first defence secretary but resigned in 2011 over allegations he had given a close friend, lobbyist Adam Werritty, access to the Ministry of Defence and allowed him to join official trips overseas.
Mr Fox – who was a GP before entering politics – stood in the 2016 leadership race against Theresa May, but was eliminated in the first ballot after winning the support of just 16 MPs.
Environment Secretary – Michael Gove
Michael Gove’s was a dramatic comeback in June 2017, when the prime minister brought him back into cabinet as environment secretary.
That was just a year after his ministerial ambitions appeared to be over when he was sacked in the 2016 reshuffle which followed Mrs May’s arrival as prime minister.
Before that stint as justice secretary he had previously served as David Cameron’s education secretary and chief whip in the Tory-Lib Dem coalition. His longtime friendship with Mr Cameron ended as he became probably the then cabinet’s biggest name to decide to campaign for Leave in the 2016 EU referendum.
Despite campaigning alongside Boris Johnson for Brexit and initially backing him, Mr Gove withdrew his support for Mr Johnson as Tory leader mid-contest, choosing instead to stand himself. He was eliminated in the final round of voting by MPs, coming third.
Northern Ireland Secretary – Karen Bradley
A former protege of Theresa May at the Home Office, Karen Bradley was handed the role of culture secretary in Mrs May’s first cabinet.
Her time in that job was dominated by her decision to refer Rupert Murdoch’s 21st Century Fox’s takeover bid for Sky to the media and competition regulators, something that will be at the top of her successor’s in-tray.
She was first elected MP for Staffordshire Moorlands in May 2010.
She replaces James Brokenshire as Northern Ireland Secretary, who resigned for health reasons
Justice Secretary – David Gauke
David Gauke became the sixth justice secretary in six years – and the first solicitor to take the role – in Theresa May’s January 2018 reshuffle.
His appointment breaks a run of four consecutive non-legally qualified MPs to hold the position of the government’s chief law officer.
He was previously work and pensions secretary and chief secretary to the Treasury.
The former City lawyer has been the MP for Hertfordshire South West since 2005.
Health and Social Care Secretary – Jeremy Hunt
Jeremy Hunt became health secretary in David Cameron’s 2012 reshuffle, having previously served as culture secretary.
He has weathered a number of controversies including a 2015 battle with the British Medical Association over a new contract for junior doctors, which led to a series of strikes.
He is thought to have resisted an attempt by Theresa May to move him to another job in her January 2018 reshuffle and succeeded in adding responsibility for social care – something previously overseen by local government – to his portfolio.
Business and Energy Secretary – Greg Clark
Greg Clark is another minister who has survived the transition from the Cameron to the May years. In his case he has been business secretary since July 2016, after a year or so looking after the local government brief.
It had been widely speculated that he was to be moved in the January 2018 reshuffle to make way for Jeremy Hunt – but it did not happen after the health secretary successfully argued the case to stay put.
The Middlesbrough-born former business consultant, who backed Remain in the EU referendum, started his political journey as president of the Liberal Democrat student branch at Magdalene College, Cambridge.
Housing and Communities Secretary – Sajid Javid
The son of Pakistani immigrants and the first man of Asian descent to hold a cabinet position, Sajid Javid had brief stints as business secretary and culture secretary before being handed the communities brief by Theresa May.
In January 2018 he added housing to his job title, which is meant to reflect the high priority given to this issue by Mrs May.
A former executive at Deutsche Bank, Mr Javid has been MP for Bromsgrove in Worcestershire since 2010.
He stood on a “joint ticket” with Stephen Crabb for the 2016 leadership contest, hoping to be chancellor if Mr Crabb had become PM.
Culture, Media and Sports Secretary – Matt Hancock
A former digital minister, Matt Hancock was promoted to head the culture department in Theresa May’s 2018 reshuffle.
The former Bank of England economist has been MP for West Suffolk since 2010.
He is the first MP in modern times to win a horse race, having raced to victory at Newmarket in August 2012.
International Development Secretary – Penny Mordaunt
Penny Mordaunt replaced Priti Patel in this role in November 2016, after Ms Patel resigned in the wake of disclosures that she had held a series of unofficial meetings with senior Israeli figures.
Ms Mordaunt was previously minister of state for disabled people at the Department of Work and Pensions.
She was minister for the armed forces under David Cameron, and had been considered a contender to replace Sir Michael Fallon as defence secretary.
Penny Mordaunt, elected to parliament in 2010 as MP for Portsmouth North, is also known for her strong support of Brexit.
Leader of the House of Lords – Baroness Evans
Baroness Evans was appointed Lords Leader in 2016 – her first ministerial role since being ennobled by David Cameron in 2014.
She attended London’s Henrietta Barnett School and Cambridge University before becoming deputy director of the Conservative research department, deputy director of the Policy Exchange think-tank and chief operating officer of the New Schools Network – the organisation, headed by controversial journalist Toby Young, which runs the free schools programme.
Scotland Secretary – David Mundell
One of 13 Scottish Conservatives to be elected to the Commons in the June 2017 snap election.
Former prime minister David Cameron first appointed Mr Mundell to the post of Scottish Secretary when he held his Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale seat for the third consecutive election in 2015.
In January 2015, Mr Mundell became the first openly-gay Conservative cabinet minister.
Work and Pensions Secretary – Esther McVey
The former GMTV presenter was seen as a rising star in David Cameron’s government after winning her Wirral West seat in the 2010 general election.
She lost the seat to Labour in 2015 but returned to Parliament in 2017 as MP for former Chancellor George Osborne’s old Tatton constituency.
She was promoted to deputy chief whip in the reshuffle that followed Sir Michael Fallon’s resignation and two months later was promoted again, gaining a seat at the cabinet table for the first time in the department she had served in as a junior minister under Mr Cameron.
Education Secretary – Damian Hinds
Damian Hinds got an unexpected promotion when he was drafted in to replace Justine Greening, who refused a move to the Department for Work and Pensions in Theresa May’s January 2018 reshuffle.
The former management consultant was a Remain supporter and previously served as employment minister in the DWP and before that a junior Treasury minister and government whip.
He has been MP for East Hampshire since May 2010.
Welsh Secretary – Alun Cairns
Alun Cairns, MP for the Vale of Glamorgan, remained in his cabinet role as secretary of state for Wales in Theresa May’s January 2018 reshuffle.
The former banker and Welsh assembly member was born in Swansea and is a graduate of the University of Wales, Newport. He became an MP in 2010.
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster – David Lidington
Former Commons Leader David Lidington replaced Damian Green, who resigned in December 2017 after misconduct allegations.
The Remain supporter did not take on Mr Green’s First Secretary of State title but will still play part of that role, standing in for Theresa May at Prime Minister’s Questions and chairing key cabinet Brexit committees.
He is a former justice secretary and Europe minister.
The Cambridge history graduate and father-of-four has been MP for Aylesbury since 1992. He previously worked for BP and mining firm Rio Tinto.
Conservative Party chairman – Brandon Lewis
The new Conservative Party chairman takes the title of minister without portfolio, allowing him to take a seat in the cabinet.
He replaced Sir Patrick McLoughlin, who stood down as Tory chairman.
The former housing minister briefly served as immigration minister before taking on the job rebuilding the Tories’ campaigning strength for the next general election.
A former barrister and leader of Brentwood council, in Essex, he has been MP for Great Yarmouth since 2010.
Also attending cabinet – but not full members
Leader of the Commons
Chief Secretary to the Treasury